Condensed appendices of Moniteur belge on the companies ACAZ and ZACCO
by Luc WITTEMANS
 
 
 
 

  Company ACAZ  (1924)

Ateliers de Constructions aéronautiques de Zeebrugge (A.C.A.Z.), limited company, located Haecht, 122, Schaerbeek made up on January 11, 1924 by :
1. Jules Frateur, industrialist, Leuwen
2. Léopold Frateur, professor of university, Leuwen
3. Fernand Jacquet, commander, pensioned aviator, Throw-Saint-Pierre
4. Baron Jean Kervyn de Lettenhove, captain-commander in retirement, Toronto, Canada, represented by Fernand    Jacquet
5. Joseph Spaas, agricultural engineer, Lille-Saint-Hubert
6. Victor Antoine, professor of university, Hérent
7. Gaston Wauters, without profession, Saint-Gilles
8. Marie-Emilie-white-Ghislaine Hynderick de Ghelcke, widow of Valère deCodt, owner, Brussels

The objective of the company is all kind of enteprises or all industrial or commercial operations, having relationship in a direct or indirect way with aeronautics and air propulsion.

Jules Frateur, Léopold Frateur and Fernand Jacquet state to make contribution unit at the company at present made up :
1. Of an aeronautical material of factory being composed of machines, tools, electric motor with accessories, material of forging mill and joinery, mechanical tools, electric installation, hydroplanes, goods in stores or in the course of manufacture and movable objects various, the whole being in their workshops at Zeebrugge-Mole.
2. Their studies, steps and preliminary works for the constitution of this company.

In the other hand, they receive shares of the capital as follows :
Fernand Jacquet, 10 actions and 68 shares of founder
Jules Frateur, 25 actions and 75 shares of founders
Léopold Frateur, 125 actions and 127 shares of founders

Other actions having set out again as follows :
Léopold Frateur, 40 actions
Baron Jean Kervyn de Lettenhove, 130 actions
Joseph Spaas, 20 actions
Victor Antoine, 6 actions
Gaston Wauters, 4 actions
Marie-Emilie-white-Ghislaine Hynderick de Ghelcke, 20 actions

The same day of the formation of the company, Fernand Jacquet, Jules Frateur, Léopold Frateur and Baron Jean Kervyn de Lettenhove are named administrators, which is logical since they are the principal shareholders. Victor Antoine and Gaston Wauters are called with the functions of commissaire.

April 3, 1925, the registered office is transferred to the 12, street Liedts, Brussels.

At the time of the publication of the assessment at December 31, 1924 in May 1925 and assessment at December 31, 1925 in May 1926, Fernand Jacquet was the managing director.

The extraordinary general assembly of October 4, 1926 approves the agreement concluded between A.C.A.Z. and a financial grouping, for the formation of a new company for the exploitation of the A2 plane. Fernand Jacquet resigns as administrator and is replaced by François Feyens.
The managing director is Jules Fraiteur.

From January 20, 1927, the registered office is transferred to the street from Mérode, 256 in Saint-Gilles.

The publication of the assessment at December 31, 1926 in May 1927 is the last sign of life of company A.C.A.Z. It there not of publication about a possible winding-up and voluntary liquidation of the company what makes me think that there would be the possibility of a bankruptcy of which I continue to seek a proof.
 

 




Company ZACCO  (1926)

Zeebrugge Aeronautical Construction Company (Zacco), limited company

The constitution of the new company take place on November 4, 1926 by :

1. The limited company aeronautical Engineering departments of Zeebrugge its, represented by Léopold and Jules Frateur;
2. Jules Frateur
3. Alfred-François Feyens father, industrialist, avenue of Tervuren 216, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
4. Saül-Emile Melckman, administrator of companies, street of Patriots 43, Brussels
5. Alfred-Hubert Feyens wire, engineer, avenue of Tervuren 216, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
6. Emile Feyens, pilot aviator, avenue of Tervuren 216, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
7. Charles Mulder,
pilot aviator, street of Turnip 12, Antwerp

The company has as purpose manufacture, repair, transformation, talk, purchase, sale and lease of all the combustion or spark-ignition engines, all aircrafts being attached to it directly or indirectly, and more especially of all the aircrafts being attached to aeronautics and the air propulsion.

Company A.C.A.Z. states to make contribution at the company at present made up :
1. Studies, plans, documents and, in general, straight relative to all inventions and improvements useful for the object of the company at present made up and in particular all that relates to aeronautics and the air propulsion
.
2. Benefit of all contracts in progress and all that is referred to it.

3. Of all the material of factory, tools, goods in store and in the course of manufacture and movable objects various and office supplies being as well in the workshops of the company with Zeebrugge as in its offices, 12 street Liedts, with Schaerbeek, and in particular a reconnaissance aircraft A2, a private plane T3, cells and wings of the A2 plane, tests static.

In remuneration of this contribution, it is allotted to the A.C.A.Z. 4000 actions.

The 6000 actions remainders being subscribed by :

Jules Frateur, 1 action
Alfred-François Feyens father, 2998 actions

Saül-Emile Melckman, 2998 actions
Alfred-Hubert Feyens, 1 action

The seat of Zacco was then street Liedts 12, Schaerbeek, addresses which also sheltered at one time companies A.C.A.Z. and O.C.I.A.


Léopold Frateur, Jules Frateur, Charles Mulder, Alfred-François Feyens, the count Edouard Glenisson, doctor in right, place of Station 12, Alost and Aloïs Mulder, stockbroker, street of Turnip 12, Antwerp are named administrators.
Victor Antoine and Henri Moens de Haese, industrialist, Imperial place 12, Alost are named commissaire while Saül-Emile Melckman is called with the functions of financial comptroller.
Léopold Frateur is named chairman of the board and Alfred-François Feyens father becomes the managing director.


April 1, 1927 the seat of the company is transferred to the place Madou 8 in Brussels.
September 28, 1927 Alfred-François Feyens resigns of his functions of managing director and is replaced by Charles Mulder. Edouard Glenisson resigns of his functions of administrator and Henri Moens de Haese of his functions of commissaire. They are replaced respectively by Edmond Mulder and Emile Feyens

At the time of the publication of the assessment over 1927, planes A2 and T3 always appear in it. Léopold Frateur and Jules Frateur resign of their function of administrator, Victor Antoine of his functions of commissaire and Saül-Emile Melckman of his functions of Financial Comptroller.

The assessment over 1928 fact of appearing a heading "Aircrafts" without details what makes think that A2 and the T3 are always property of Zacco. Edmond Mulder puts a term at his functions of administrator.

Brussels Air Museum Magazine Number 60, 62 & 77;
Mulder and E Feyens being, together with P. Schellekens, owners of the RSV 32/90 O-BADA from 5.6.1927 to 5.7.1928. Feyens, whose workshops were street of Cambre with Woluwe (BAMM 62) or street of Duke (BAMM 77), manufactured industrial and marine engines. It is in these workshops that the A.C.A.Z. C2 was prepared for the raid of Thieffry of March 1928. E Feyens knew Thieffry since they exerted together of the sports activities at the time of their primary studies at the Institute St Stanislas. "The orders of flight were out of tube steel for bicycle and turned blue with the flame of a blowtorch, with point of fire and water-cooled, like that is practised or was practised for the shotguns, this to prevent rust. Work was carried out by ex-serviceman English of 1414-18, arms manufacturer of trade. The apparatus carried under the belly in a careenage a propeller of replacement".

The assessment of 1929 does not mention any more a heading "Aircrafts". The Mulder family has the company in hand with Aloïs, Charles and Edmond Mulder as administrators and H. Van den Branden, De Bosschaertstraat 177, Antwerp as commissaire. The Feyens family disappears from the management of the company. From April 5, 1929, Qualities and Charles Mulder are named administrators of the general Companies of Aeronautics SA (see SEGA Ci below).
This assessment is the last sign of life of Zacco which I could find. It there not of publication about a possible winding-up and voluntary liquidation of the company what makes me think that there would be the possibility of a bankruptcy of which I continue to seek a proof.
.

  
Click on the label to enlarge the action of Zacco

 


Many authors wrote wrongly that the A.C.A.Z. and Zacco were only two names for the same company. Indeed, like one could higher read in the extracts on the A.C.A.Z. the shareholders and administrators of the company concluded an agreement with a financial grouping for the formation from a new company for the exploitation of the A2 plane.

As you can note it, in the statutes of companies A.C.A.Z. and Zacco are mentioned planes A2 and T3 but it can be a question only of C-2 and T-2. The official history of these planes resembles itself extremely, having had the same owners, A.C.A.Z. and Zacco, with the passing of years.

In the register of the Belgian planes, the A.C.A.Z. C-2, registered O-BAFX, and T-2, registered O-BAFM, are annotated as transferred to the general Companies from Aeronautics (SEGA) SA from Gosselies and that was notified with the Administration Aeronautics in a letter the 27.3.1931. At the time of this transfer, Mulder were shareholders and administrators in Zacco and the SEGA. The two planes were erased register of the Belgian planes the 25.1.1933. C-2 did flew probably not any more since it was damaged at the time of its attempt to rejoin Brussels with Léopoldville the 9.3.1928 and probably knew a sad end while finishing with scrap...

There is still a small mystery about a possible older connection between the A.C.A.Z. and the SEGA. We saw higher than Fernand Jacquet was shareholder and administrator of the A.C.A.Z. We also know that Fernand Jacquet was the man who was behind the SEGA and it is thanks to its relations that the SEGA obtained a contract for the training of pupils controls military. Although the SEGA was founded in 1920, Fernand Jacquet appears as an administrator only in 1934. The assessment at March 31, 1924 of the SEGA mentions - "a training aircraft, standard Sega, which is at the hour present in construction in our workshops; as of its completion, this plane will be brought into service for the needs for the school "-. We know anything more about this plane Sega, no plane does not appear in Belgium under this name there. An assumption advanced by my friend Guy Roberty is that it could be a question of plane A.C.A.Z. T-1, transferred from the SEGA towards the A.C.A.Z. and which made, consequently, its appearance under another name. The T-1 received its certificate of registration on June 14, 1924 what wants to say that it made its first flight and its tests for obtaining a navigability certificate in the weeks previous this date. Today, it is thus a not checked plausible assumption.